Digital Nomad Visas: Full International Index
There are 4 digital nomad visas currently active internationally.
Digital nomad visas are a new concept in immigration, with the first programs appearing in 2020. Aside from Estonia, most digital nomad visa programs were direct responses to tourism reduction during the Covid-19 epidemic.
Digital nomad visas are likely to expand rapidly after 2020, as countries realize they can take advantage of remote workforces as a new type of long-stay tourism. Countries like Thailand historically have viewed digital nomads and remote workers with a suspicious eye. However, as the practice becomes mainstream, we expect that remote work visas will become commonplace.
Digital Nomad Visas
Barbados: Welcome Stamp
Barbados' digital nomad visa for remote workers permits one year residence in the country. It is targeted at remote workers and is designed to stimulate the local travel-based economy, which has been hit hard by the 2020 Coronavirus pandemic.
Applications have very few requirements. The minimum income expectation is USD $50,000/year, but it is not verified and no past financial statements are required. You must be able to certify (but not demonstrate) that you have a remote work income source, ability to financially support yourself while in the country, and proof that any dependents are legitimate family members.
The visa is not designed to be renewed, and like most digital nomad visas is a one-time extended travel permit with expectation that applicant is remotely employed during their stay.
Bermuda: Work From Bermuda Certificate
Bermuda's digital nomad visa program for remote workers is unique in that it has no minimum income requirement, no minimum assets requirement, and is open to students as well as remote workers and self-employed remote business owners. It is one of the most flexible and easily obtainable digital nomad visas in the world, with an ultra-low application fee compared to other locations in the Carribean.
Applications must be able to describe their work and source of income, or provide evidence of being enrolled in school remotely. They must have valid health insurance and the ability to sustain themselves and any dependents while in the region.
The Bermuda digital nomad visa is extendable on a case-by-case basis. The program has not yet been around long enough to determine success rates.
Estonia: Estonia Digital Nomad Visa
Estonia's digital nomad visa program is an exciting option alongside their existing startup visa program, which opens the country to remote workers and lowers the barrier to entry in terms of capital. It is the only digital nomad visa program that was not designed specifically due to Covid-19 in 2020, and as such is viewed as a more permanent program that plays into Estonia's general strategy of positioning themselves as a startup hub among Baltic states.
The visa is aimed at remote workers who make at least €3504/month (about USD $4000) pre-tax income through remote work or online self-employment. You must be able to document at least 6 months of income meeting the minimum requirements via bank statements, making this a more rigorous application process than Barbados or Bermuda.
The visa is not extendable, but Estonia offers several other programs including residence programs aimed at startup founders and entrepreneurs. Therefore, it may be viewed as a good 'first step' into the country.
Georgia: Remotely From Georgia
Georgia's digital nomad visa is aimed specifically at freelancers, and permits most countries including the US 1 year of residence with relatively low income requirements or paperwork. This is relevant because while normally any US citizen can visit for 1 year on a tourist visa, that is no longer permitted due to Covid-19. The country is an established hub for digital nomads as well as a commerce-friendly location with low taxes, many long-stay and residency programs, and easy banking for international travelers.
The income requirement for this visa is at least USD $2000 per month from remote work and freelance sources. Health insurance is also required, as well as mandatory quarantine during the Coronavirus pandemic.
This visa may be renewable on a case-by-case basis. As the program is young and directly tied to the tourism hit from Covid-19 in 2020, it's not yet clear if this visa program will last beyond 2021–2022.